If you are just starting to get familiar with the guitar and the different styles, you may have already aspired to play one. The two most common are lead and rhythm guitar playing. These two roles are the most common arrangements of bands today.
Chances are, you started playing the guitar because of a hero that you would like to play like one day. And even though each style may look very complex, they are obtainable with some knowledge and practice. But what is the difference between lead and rhythm guitar?
A rhythm guitar part consists of riffs and chords that provide the structure for a song. The lead guitar player on the other hand will add notes and melodic lead lines to accentuate the structure. This not only means they play solos, but also add melodies that bring attention to certain song parts.
In this article, we are going to look into the differences between the two styles and what is required to get into each one.
Difference Between Lead and Rhythm Guitar
When it comes to the responsibilities of lead and rhythm playing, they are very much different but very supportive. Each role compliments the other, as well as any foundational instruments that are a part of the arrangement. But the guitar parts in many bands drive the course along their melodic song paths.
There are a few key differences between lead and rhythm guitar players. The most obvious is that lead guitarists typically perform solos and lead lines, while rhythm players provide the complex chordal backing for songs using riffs and chords.
Some things a rhythm player will be responsible for are:
- Foundational Chords and Riffs
- Strumming and Picking Patterns
- Chord Progressions
- Rhythm guitar Tones
If we envision a rock band with two guitarists, the rhythm player will take care of the foundational riffs or chords that complement the bass and drums. When recording, this could also mean many rhythm tracks that create harmonies to add structure to the songs.
In a lead guitar players role, the focus is going to be primarily on solos and melodies. These are the top-level hooks and licks that sing like a vocal melody. They are quite powerful, as you probably already know.
Lead guitar players are normally responsible for:
- Soloing Techniques
- Melodic Lead Lines
- Lead guitar Tones
As you can see, the two roles are quite a bit different. The lead player will create melodies over top of the rhythm section during certain parts, but then solo in others. The guitar harmonies are very powerful, and in some cases, the soul of a song.
Lead players also need to stay true to the vocals as well, which adds some complexities that require good scale knowledge, among many other things.
What is Rhythm Guitar?
Playing rhythm guitar requires many forms and technique. Sometimes, this can be arpeggios that are simply individual notes plucked to create a melody. Other times, it is full, solid strumming of chords that move from one to the next.
A good example of this is the song called ‘Wake Me Up When September Ends’ By Green Day. This begins with an acoustic guitar playing arpeggios. As the song continues, it begins to move into strumming with a heavier tone.
You can see that in the official video:
You can find the tabs for the song here: Wake me up when September ends.
Rhythm Guitar Skills
In order to fulfill the requirements that are expected from a rhythm player, there are some skills that are needed. This goes farther than just what you can do with your fingers, as pitch and harmony are also important.
A great rhythm player must have an amazing sense of timing. Not only must they work with the bass and drums on the supporting level, but they should also be able to use a variation that provides the rhythm guitar with its style. Depending on the song, this could be very complex and musical.
This can make or break the tightness of a band if the tempo and quick strumming patterns and changes cannot be done at the right timing. A great rhythm player can sense these things during the progress of a song and adapt.
To truly be a well-rounded rhythm player, vast knowledge of chords is key. The more chords you can work on and memorize, the more progressions you can create. When a player can study chords and how they relate to scales, the better a lead musician can perform their part.
And so a great rhythm player will be well-rounded in progression and riffs that are organized by the minor and major chords.
Strumming and Picking Techniques
Strumming and picking are primary skills of a rhythm guitar player, as the role has complexity and requires well-timed techniques. This involves playing complex patterns that will vary between each song and accentuate the supporting instruments.
The need for learning fills and chord stabs can be a necessity for a rhythm player, which can also add some major punch.
Palm Muting and Damping
Palm-muting and damping are techniques that will add a lot to the song parts when learned by a rhythm player. This is where you create a dampened sound on the strings without actually doing so with your fretting hand directly.
To achieve this, you must use your palm to dampen the notes while they are being strummed. This will help to create a more percussive sound that can be played together or independently of lead melodies.
What is Lead Guitar?
Lead guitar can have many parts in a song, or very few. This depends on what is needed in the music. A good example of lead guitar work can be found in ‘Don’t look back in anger’ By Oasis. Throughout the song, you can hear the lead licks over top of the rhythm parts.
Then, there is a great solo that goes even deeper into the talent a lead player provides and the magic they can add to a song.
If you want to see the chords, you can find them here: Don’t look back in anger chords.
Lead Guitar Skills
If you are a lead guitarist, there are a few skills and techniques that will be required to create the melodies. While some of these may overlap with rhythm guitar, lead requires its own set of tools, so it’s important to learn them on their own.
Probably one of the most important parts of lead guitar playing is soloing. Since this requires melodies over top of the rhythm section, this role will play lead licks during certain sections. The parts can be complex or simplistic, but they must always stay true to the song at large.
If you are looking at playing lead guitar, you must learn how to create melodies. This can be as simple as a lick or as complex as improvisational lead parts. To create the parts over the top of the rhythm, great lead guitarists have an understanding of scales and different modes. This will allow them to play these melodies. These licks can then be used during certain sections of a song to provide the melody.
Beyond scales and modes, lead guitarists must also know how to improvise melodies. This is where lead licks can be combined or changed to create new melodies on the spot during a playing session with no sheet music in front of them.
Rhythm and Shredding
This role is typically known as a lead part. Players can also perform both rhythmic and lead parts sequentially, which is a great skill to have. This means that it’s important to be able to master scales, techniques and have the ability to create melodies while switching between rhythm parts.
To truly fill up lead guitar opportunities, players should work on ways that they can add a little flavor or embellishments on top of everything else. This could be simply lead licks and melodies, but it’s important to have parts that are going to help make the song come together.
While lead guitar does not need to play new melodies in every section of a song, some licks and riffs are great to have more often.
There are also things like hammer-on, pull-offs, and pinch harmonics that add just a bit more flavor to the leads that are crucial to a player. These types of things come with skill and practice over time.
Lead Vs Rhythm Difficulty
Now that you know some techniques for each of the roles, which one is more difficult to get into? While it may seem that lead guitar might be more difficult, this isn’t necessarily true and depends on a player’s skill level.
To play rhythm is simpler for some guitarists, but it can also become complex depending on what is being performed. There are plenty of difficult strumming patterns that even a great lead player might struggle with. While there are also some very easy lead parts that the rhythm guitarist will have no trouble with.
It’s true that lead playing is more technical and requires more skills to get real good at. But each role can be obtained by those who work at it and develop good practice routines and music theory. Rhythm guitar is always the best place to start, however, as there are some foundational skills here that need to be learned by all players.
Choosing Your Role
When deciding to get started as either a lead or rhythm player, you will need to consider your current skill level. Some players may only just be getting started, so learning some chords is the best place to start. Some foundational skills need to be obtained first.
But if you have a bit more experience with the guitar, then you might want to work on rhythm or lead exclusively.
A few things to consider if you are interested in being a rhythm player:
- Do you prefer to play chords?
- Desire a thicker sound?
- Are you better at strumming than fretting?
- Like a groove more than a melody?
If this is more your style, then you should work on rhythm mastery. There is nothing to say you cannot work on some lead parts, but with all the intricacies of rhythm, it might be a better fit for you to start with.
If, however, you prefer:
- Lead licks over chords
- Love to shred
- Desire to be more technical in your style
- Are creative in improvisational technique
Then you should pursue the role of a lead guitarist. Naturally, chords and scales will help you with any rhythm parts. But a person with great focus and desire for complexities should go after a lead guitarist role. There are a lot of different techniques that lead players like such as vibrato, string bends, slides, and more.
Differences In Sound
Not only are the techniques different, but the sounds the players need are as well. With rhythm guitar, the sounds required need to slightly cut through the mix, but be thick and wide. This is the base layer of the rhythm parts.
The lead on the other hand needs to have more cut to sing on top of the rhythm and foundational parts. This is normally all accomplished with the choice of the right instruments and accessories.
A rhythm player will normally benefit from a guitar rig with the following attributes:
- Guitar body wood with warmer tones
- Thick sounding bridge pickups
- Thicker strings
- Mid-range focused amp tone
- Arrangement of effect pedals
This is all dependent on the music type, but is a good starting point when considering the sound you want as a rhythm player. You want to be focused on the primary mid-frequencies of the guitar to fill the rhythm parts of a song well.
A lead player on the other hand will want to cut through the mix more. In this case, a guitar rig might need to sound brighter:
- Guitar body wood with a brighter sound
- Brighter sounding neck pickups
- Thinner strings
- Brighter amp tone with higher gain
- Effects pedals, boosts and volume control
While neck pickups are normally warmer, you have to find the right balance between guitar and amp. Too bright and it could be piercing when you are trying to cut through the mix. But the right combination of volume controls and settings can make the difference.
Thinner strings will also help with this, while adding the benefit of being able to bend them easier and use them for the lead technique.
Lead and Rhythm Guitarists in a Band
Both lead and rhythm play a big role in the dynamics of a band or group arrangement. Some bands require a different amount of players to pull off the intricacies of their songs. While others are more simple and might only require a rhythm musician to fill a groove.
The most common arrangements are:
- One guitar player performing rhythm and leads
- Two guitarists, one rhythm and one lead
- Three guitarists, two rhythm and one lead
- Four or more, complex arrangements
In the case of a single guitarist in a group, the player will be responsible for rhythm and lead parts. In a lot of different bands, the player is more than likely the singer as well. They will perform rhythm while providing vocals, but then jump into leads during certain parts.
The bass and drums fill in the rhythm while the leads are taking place, and support the guitarist during the task. For live shows, this might make the rhythm sound a bit thin, depending on the lead parts. A record on the other hand will allow the guitarists to provide rhythm and leads and layer them to make a song sound full.
Nirvana is a band that was set up with this arrangement, and it worked very well for them. They would hire a second guitarist for live shows occasionally to fill up the sound.
In the case of two guitarists in a group, they will each be assigned to a role. One lead player and rhythm that will share them occasionally. In most cases, the singer will also be in the rhythm role, with some small lead parts. This arrangement not only adds more creativity to a band, but the extra musician brings fullness to songs at live shows.
Metallica is a band that consists of two guitar players, each assigned to their roles. Sometimes they swap responsibilities for certain songs, but because the rhythm player is also the singer, he focuses more on foundational parts. And because the lead player is as good as he is, his duty is to take up the more technical licks.
Three or More Guitarists
When there are more than two guitarists, it’s normal to see two rhythm players and one lead. This adds some very full-sounding songs with great layering. This is a more complex arrangement and takes some planning, but can add some great-sounding performances.
Pearl jam is a band known for three guitarists, each one very skilled and contributes to the success of the group, each in their own way.
Bands with Lead and Rhythm Guitar
The combination of a lead and rhythm guitar player in a band is quite powerful and very versatile. It fills out the sound and provides many great tones that are not possible with just one player. Some examples of bands with a rhythm and lead guitar player include:
- Foo Fighters
- Pearl Jam
- Def Leppard
- The Eagles
These are bands that have a powerful onstage presence because of the number of guitars being used at the same time. While a lot of them trade off between rhythm and lead parts, some do not and stick to their role. This can be handy when the rhythm guitarist is also the singer.
If you are just getting started, it is always a good idea for a beginner to start with rhythm guitar. This is the fundamental for any new player. Eventually, you can move to more lead parts, as all guitarists will need to do a bit of both.
Once you are well versed in a bit of both, you can then choose which one better suits your desire. All players will end up doing one or the other, it is why we have such great music today. Whatever you decide, just make sure to go all in and keep a little of the other handy as well.
Make sure to play along to your favorite songs and music to stay inspired while you work at mastering the guitar and the techniques you choose.
If you still have questions about the two roles, we have touched on some of the more frequently asked questions here.
Do You Need a Rhythm Guitarist?
No, you do not need a rhythm guitar player in a band or group arrangement. Some groups do not have a guitar player at all. This depends entirely on the group and music that is being performed, but some instruments are not required. It all depends on what you are trying to accomplish musically.
Do Lead Guitarists Play Chords?
Most lead players are more than capable of performing chords, yes. Some song parts might require them to do so, and they must know minor and major chords. Some groups also require that their lead players stick entirely to licks, and so it depends on what the band is trying to go for with their music.
Should You Learn Rhythm or Lead Guitar First?
Learning to play lead guitar involves an in-depth knowledge of musical theory and a wide range of techniques. These are things that are easier to do when foundational skills from rhythm playing are mastered. It’s more beneficial to learn how to be a good rhythm player than it is to jump right into leads.
Doing so will also help you become a more creative and improvisational lead player who can also handle rhythm duties when the time presents itself. And in most situations, it does happen.