What Is A Baritone Guitar? A Comprehensive Discovery Guide

In a world where guitarists are constantly seeking new ways to express their creativity and expand their sonic palette, the baritone guitar emerges as a hidden gem waiting to be discovered. 

This intriguing instrument, with its rich, deep tones and unique tuning, offers an exciting avenue for musical exploration. But what exactly is a baritone guitar, and how does it differ from its more conventional counterparts? 

In this article, we’ll delve into the fascinating world of extended-range instruments, uncovering the distinct characteristics and versatile applications of the baritone guitar. 

Are you ready to venture beyond the familiar realm of standard guitars and unlock a new dimension of musical expression? Then read on and be prepared to have your musical horizons broadened!

Related Articles:

What is a Baritone Guitar?

A baritone guitar is a unique six-stringed instrument with a longer scale length. It’s tuned lower than a standard guitar, most commonly to B-B or C-C, and features heavier gauge strings.

Its distinct tuning provides a deeper, richer sound, making it versatile across various genres such as rock, jazz, country, and metal. The baritone guitar is an exciting option for guitarists looking to explore new sonic territories and add depth to their music.

Anatomy of a Baritone Guitar

Understanding the anatomy of a baritone guitar is essential to appreciating its unique sound and capabilities. This extended-range instrument has several features that distinguish it from standard guitars.

With its improved scale length, specific tuning, and construction details that cater to its lower pitch. In this section, we’ll explore these differences and explain how they contribute to the distinctive characteristics of the baritone guitar.

Scale Length and its Impact on Tone and Playability

The scale length, or the distance between the nut and the bridge, plays a significant role in determining the tone and playability of a guitar.

Baritone guitars typically have a longer scale length, ranging from 27 to 30.5 inches. This is much different when compared to the standard guitar’s 24.75 to 25.5 inches. 

This extended scale length allows for lower tunings while maintaining string tension. It results in a richer, deeper tone and greater clarity in the lower register. The increased string tension also makes for a tighter, more focused sound, with enhanced sustain and projection.

Tuning: Standard and Variations

The most common tuning for a baritone guitar is B-B. Meaning that it’s tuned a perfect fourth lower than a standard guitar (B-E-A-D-F#-B). This tuning allows for an extended lower range, providing a bridge between the standard and bass guitar territories. 

However, some players may choose alternative tunings, such as C-C or even A-A. All to suit specific musical styles or personal preferences. The versatility of the baritone guitar’s tuning options makes it a valuable asset for those looking to explore new tonal landscapes.

Differences Between the Baritone and Standard Guitars

While the baritone may look similar to a standard guitar at first glance, there are several key differences that set it apart:

  1. Neck and fretboard: Due to the longer scale length, the neck and fretboard of a baritone guitar are also longer and slightly wider, accommodating the increased distance between frets. This design not only caters to the lower tuning, but also offers a different feel and response when playing.
  2. Strings and their characteristics: Baritone guitars require heavier gauge strings to maintain proper tension and intonation at lower tunings. These thicker strings contribute to the instrument’s distinct tonal qualities, delivering a fuller, more powerful sound.
  3. Body size and construction: While the body size of a baritone guitar can vary depending on the manufacturer and model, the aim is to make them large. This is to enhance resonance and projection. Additionally, the internal bracing and construction may be adjusted to optimize the instrument’s performance at lower frequencies.

The Sound of a Baritone Guitar

The baritone guitar’s distinctive sound is what sets it apart from others. This makes it an attractive choice for musicians seeking new tonal possibilities. In this section, we’ll delve into the sonic characteristics of this extended-range instrument. 

We’ll compare its sound to other similar instruments, and discuss how it has been used in various genres to create unique and captivating musical expressions.

Sonic Characteristics

The most notable aspect of the baritone guitar’s sound is its rich, deep low-end presence. With its extended range and heavier strings, the instrument produces warm, resonant tones that can add depth and texture to any musical arrangement.

The baritone guitar’s unique tuning also allows for chord voicings and melodic lines that are not possible on a standard guitar. 

Enabling musicians to explore new harmonic and melodic territories. Furthermore, the increased string tension contributes to a tight, focused sound with enhanced sustain and projection. Making the baritone guitar versatile enough to excel in both rhythm and lead roles.

Baritone Sound Vs Other Extended-Range Instruments

The baritone guitar shares some similarities with other extended-range instruments. Such as the bass VI and the seven or eight-string guitar. But it maintains its distinct identity through its specific tuning and construction. 

The bass VI, for example, is tuned an octave lower than a standard guitar. It’s often played more like a bass. Whereas, the baritone occupies a unique sonic space between standard and bass guitars. 

Seven and eight-string guitars, on the other hand, extend the range in both higher and lower registers. But their primary focus is typically on the lower strings for heavier, djent-style playing, which is not necessarily the case with the baritone guitar.

Popular Music and Artists that use Baritone Guitars

As mentioned earlier, the baritone guitar has found its place in various music genres. From rock and metal to jazz and experimental music. Its unique sound has allowed artists to experiment with new textures and expand their musical vocabulary. 

Some notable examples include Tool, Mastodon, and Deftones in rock and metal. Pat Metheny and John Scofield in jazz and fusion. And Sonic Youth, My Bloody Valentine, and The Cure in alternative and experimental music. 

These artists demonstrate the incredible versatility and creative potential of the baritone guitar, inspiring a new generation of musicians to explore its sonic possibilities.

Electric Baritone Guitar.

Choosing the Right Baritone Guitar

Selecting the perfect baritone guitar can be a daunting task! Especially with the plethora of options available on the market. To make the decision-making process easier, it’s important to consider several factors that will help you find the right instrument for your needs and preferences. 

In this section, we’ll discuss the key aspects to consider when purchasing a baritone guitar. As well as highlight some top brands and models worth exploring.

Factors to Consider when Purchasing a Baritone 

When choosing a baritone guitar, it’s essential to take the following factors into account:

  1. Scale length: Baritone guitars come in various scale lengths, typically ranging from 27 to 30 inches. The choice of scale length will affect the instrument’s tone, playability, and tuning stability. Consider which scale length will best suit your playing style and the kind of music you want to create.
  2. Body style: Baritone guitars are available in different body styles, including solid-body, semi-hollow, and hollow-body designs. Each style has its own tonal characteristics and aesthetic appeal. So think about which one aligns with your personal preferences and the sound you’re aiming for.
  3. Pickup configuration: The choice of pickups can greatly influence the tone of a baritone guitar. Common options include single-coil, humbucker, and P-90 pickups, each with its own unique sound. Consider the type of music you play and your desired tonal qualities when choosing a pickup configuration.
  4. Budget and brand preferences: Baritone guitars come at various price points, from budget-friendly options to high-end custom models. Set a budget for your purchase and research different brands to find a quality instrument that fits within your financial constraints.

Top Baritone Guitar Brands and Models

Several brands have established a solid reputation for producing quality baritone guitars. Some of the most popular options include:

  1. Fender: Known for their iconic instruments. Fender offers the Blacktop Baritone Telecaster. It features a 27-inch scale length, a versatile humbucker/single-coil pickup configuration, and classic Telecaster styling.
  2. PRS: Paul Reed Smith is another reputable brand offering baritone models, such as the PRS SE 277. It boasts a 27.7-inch scale length, a solid body design, and PRS-designed humbucker pickups.
  3. Ibanez: Ibanez has a diverse lineup of baritone guitars. Including the Ibanez RGIB6, which features a 28-inch scale length, a solid body design, and active EMG pickups for aggressive, high-output tones.
  4. Danelectro: Danelectro is known for its unique designs and affordable instruments. The Danelectro  Baritone features a 29.75-inch scale length, a solid body, and their signature lipstick pickups, providing a distinctive tone and vintage vibe.

By carefully considering these factors and exploring different brands and models, you can find the ideal baritone guitar to meet your musical needs and unlock new creative possibilities.

Acoustic Baritone Guitar.

Techniques and Tips for Playing the Baritone Guitar

Transitioning to a baritone guitar can be both an exciting and challenging experience! Particularly if you’re accustomed to playing a standard guitar. The unique characteristics of this extended-range instrument may require you to adapt your playing techniques and approach. 

In this section, we’ll share some valuable tips and techniques to help you make the most of your baritone guitar. But also to unlock its full creative potential.

Adapting Your Playing Technique

Due to the baritone guitar’s longer scale length and wider fret spacing, you may need to adjust your finger positioning. This will come by increasing your hand stretches to comfortably navigate the fretboard. 

Start by practicing familiar scales and chords, paying close attention to your hand positioning and finger placement. The heavier strings and increased string tension on a baritone guitar may require you to adjust your picking and strumming techniques. 

Experiment with different pick thicknesses and materials to find the right balance between attack and dynamics. Additionally, consider refining your pick angle and attack to achieve a clean and articulate sound.

Pay close attention to your fretting and picking hand muting techniques, using your palm and fingers to prevent unwanted string vibrations.

Exploring the Unique Tonal Possibilities

The baritone’s distinctive tuning allows for chord voicings that are not possible on a standard guitar. Experiment with new fingerings and chord shapes to create unique harmonic textures and expand your chordal vocabulary. 

The standard B-B tuning is the most common for baritone guitars. But don’t be afraid to explore alternate tunings to discover new sonic landscapes. Some popular options include C-C and A-A tunings. Or, even open tunings for slide playing. 

The baritone’s tonal range makes it an excellent choice for complementing other instruments, such as standard guitars and basses. Experiment with layering parts and creating counter-melodies to fully utilize the baritone guitar’s unique sound in a band setting.

Tips for Effective Practice and Performance

  1. Familiarize yourself with the instrument: Spend time getting to know your baritone guitar inside and out! From its scale length and body shape to its electronics and hardware. This familiarity will help you feel more comfortable when playing and make it easier to adapt to the instrument’s unique characteristics.
  2. Develop a practice routine: Incorporate exercises and drills specifically designed for the baritone guitar into your practice routine. This will help you build strength, dexterity, and familiarity with the instrument’s extended range.
  3. Listen to baritone guitar players: Learning from accomplished baritone guitarists is an excellent way to pick up new techniques and ideas. Study the playing of artists from various genres to gain inspiration and insight into the instrument’s capabilities.


The baritone guitar is a unique and versatile instrument. It offers musicians the opportunity to explore new tonal possibilities and expand their creative horizons. 

By choosing the right baritone guitar for your needs, incorporating new playing techniques, and drawing inspiration from other artists, you’ll be well-equipped to embark on your own journey with this instrument. 

Embrace the challenge and enjoy the rewards of venturing into the extended range of this fascinating instrument.

Photo of author

Don East

My name is Don East, I'm the editor for Killer Rig. I've been playing guitar for over 20 years and have designed and manufactured products like guitar amps, effects pedals, and more. Over the years I have played in many bands and have a deep love for quality gear. I am an electrical engineer and have a passion for music gear, and now want to share what I know with the community!